greatest in number. [5][6] They produce a clear, odorless substance, sweat, consisting primarily of water. Interestingly, hidrocystomas rarely present in areas that are rich in apocrine glands. In this location they are referred to as ceruminous glands. They are relatively larger, [10] The glands on palms and soles do not respond to temperature but secrete at times of emotional stress. Eccrine glands occur over most of your body and open directly onto the surface of your skin. eccrine sweat glands. Eccrine glands (/ˈɛkrən, -ˌkraɪn, -ˌkriːn/; from ekkrinein "secrete";[3] sometimes called merocrine glands) are the major sweat glands of the human body,[4] found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in palm and soles, then on the head, but much less on the torso and the extremities. Clinically, a poroma is described as a sharply demarcated 2-12 mm papule or nodule, usually flesh or pink in color, though a pigmented variant has been reported (Figure 1). apocrine sweat gland : The type of sweat gland that is least responsible for thermoregulation and most responsible for body odor. In certain sweat gland tumors, it is difficult to differentiate between eccrine or apocrine sweat glands. The … from www.researchgate.net It usually occurs as a solitary, dome-shaped, skin-colored or pigmented, slow-growing, sessile papule or nodule, situated mostly on the soles or sides of the feet. Eccrine glands are innervated by the sympathetic nervous system, primarily by cholinergic fibers whose discharge is altered primarily by changes in deep body temperature (core temperature), but by adrenergic fibers as well. Therefore, this paper reviews histochemical and i … Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Learn vocabulary, terms and more with flashcards, games and other study tools. Sweat glands, also known as sudoriferous or sudoriparous glands, from latin sudor 'sweat', are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat. In these patients, Na+ ion concentrations can greatly increase (up to 180 mmol/L). Glands are divided into two main groups, endocrine and exocrine. The apocrine gland is distinguished from the eccrine gland by means of its large and spongy appearance, its location deep in the dermis, a duct that leads to the [11] Our patient interestingly showed marked increase in local temperature, … Location Eccrine glands are present all other areas except the areas in which apocrine glands are present. adj., adj glan´dular. Myoepithelial cells support the secretory epithelial cells. It consists of various structures like the sweat glands, hair follicles, blood vessels, nerve endings and the three layers- epidermis, dermis and hypodermis. 9 and Fig. 2,60 By 12 to 14 weeks EGA, parallel ectodermal ridges overlay these mesenchymal pads. 6). Eccrine sweat glands are found distributed throughout the whole body. Structure. They are ten times smaller than apocrine sweat glands, do not extend as deeply into the dermis, and excrete directly onto the surface of the skin. Apocrine glands open into the hair follicle, leading to the surface of the skin. classified by their anatomical location, for example epitrichial glands (apocrine) associated with hair follicles and atrichial glands (eccrine) with ducts directly leading to the skin surface. Eccrine sweat glands are distributed over the entire body skin, but are highest in density on the palms and soles (with about 700 glands per square centimeter). The duct may be branched or unbranched. Background: Eccrine porocarcinoma (EPC) is a rare cutaneous neoplasm with high potential for morbidity and mortality. Apocrine sweat glands are found only on certain areas of the body such as the eyelids, armpits, areolae, external ear, and the genital region. They secrete by the merocrine mode and are located deep in the dermis and in the hypodermis. The resulting sweat from eccrine sweat glands seems to emanate only from places where the glands are most concentrated: the forehead, hands and feet. In extreme conditions, human beings may excrete several litres of such sweat in an hour. These lesions are typically located on palmar or plantar skin, but may occur in any area where eccrine glands are present. Regarding the location where their ducts release their product, the ducts of sebaceous glands, in most cases, and apocrine sweat glands excrete their products into the hair follicle canal, and the eccrine sweat glands excrete directly onto the skin surface. eccrine gland: [ gland ] an aggregation of cells specialized to secrete or excrete materials not related to their ordinary metabolic needs. [13], In people who have hyperhidrosis, the sweat glands (eccrine glands in particular) overreact to stimuli and are just generally overactive, producing more sweat than normal. [11][12] Later studies suggested that secretions from both eccrine and apocrine glands involved similar components and proposed that the glands should be classified by their anatomical location, for example epitrichial glands (apocrine) associated with hair follicles and atrichial glands (eccrine) with ducts directly leading to the skin surface. (2012). Occasionally the luminal content were PAS negative and AB —, but this latter reaction was not common in our material. Although a third type of sweat gland was identified by Sato and Sato in 1987, most relevant literature generally refers to either eccrine or apocrine sweat glands [10,11]. Apocrine glands secrete a thick clear fluid. Read More; type of sweat gland. A sectional view of the skin (magnified), with eccrine glands highlighted. Eccrine glands appeared later phylogenetically and are found throughout the surface of the body; the only variation between different locations are their density, ranging from 100 to 600/cm 2. Eccrine glands are the major sweat glands of the human body, found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in palm and soles, then on the head, but much less on the torso and the extremities. They reach their peak of development in humans, where they may number 200–400/cm² of skin surface. Eccrine glands produce a salt-containing fluid that empties di- The eccrine glands arise from the ectodermal ridge. The proportion of eccrine glands decreases with age. The secretion of eccrine glands is a sterile, dilute electrolyte solution with primary components of bicarbonate, potassium, and sodium chloride (NaCl),[6] and other minor components such as glucose, pyruvate, lactate, cytokines, immunoglobulins, antimicrobial peptides (e.g., dermcidin), and many others. Choose from 391 different sets of eccrine sweat glands flashcards on Quizlet. Eccrine sweat glands are everywhere except the lips, ear canal, prepuce, glans penis, labia minora, and clitoris. [6][7] The white sediment in otherwise colorless eccrine secretions is caused by evaporation that increases the concentration of salts. The ductal openings of the apocrine sweat gland are also more closely associated to the eyelashes compared to the eccrine sweat glands. The pituitary gland is a pea-sized gland at the base of your brain, just behind the … There are two distinct types: eccrine glands open by a duct directly onto the skin surface; apocrine glands usually develop in association with hair follicles and open into them. Eccrine sweat glands begin to function at puberty, while apocrine sweat glands function throughout life. Hidrocystomas can be of eccrine or apocrine origin. An apocrine sweat gland (/ ˈ æ p ə k r ə n,-ˌ k r aɪ n,-ˌ k r iː n /; from Greek apo– "away" and krinein "to separate") is composed of a coiled secretory portion located at the junction of the dermis and subcutaneous fat, from which a straight portion inserts and secretes into the infundibular portion of the hair follicle. It is a single, thick, cuboidal cell wall that helps in the movement of the secretion. Examples of Exocrine Glands (and Secreted Product) Lacrimal gland (Tear ducts and glands near each eye) Mammary gland (Breast milk) Eccrine sweat glands (Perspiration or salty water release)Salivary glands (Saliva consisting of fluid with digestive enzymes); Pancreas (Pancreatic juice with digestive enzymes into the stomach); Liver (Bile, green-brown fluid that contains salts and … Apocrine glands form in utero, but don't go into action until puberty when they receive cues from all the hormonal stimulation taking place. [6], Relative to the plasma and extracellular fluid, the concentration of Na+ ions is much lower in sweat (~40 mM in sweat versus ~150 mM in plasma and extracellular fluid). Eccrine glands appeared later phylogenetically and are found throughout the surface of the body; the only variation between different locations are their density, ranging from 100 to 600/cm 2. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. Regarding the location where their ducts release their product, the ducts of sebaceous glands, in most cases, and apocrine sweat glands excrete their products into the hair follicle canal, and the eccrine sweat glands excrete directly onto the skin surface. Structure. excrete sweat-thermoregulation. But in these cases, the problem is in the CFTR chloride transporter that is also located on the apical membrane of eccrine gland ducts. In other animals (dogs, cats, cattle , and sheep), they are active only on the pads of the paws or along the lip margins and may be entirely absent over the rest of the body; such animals often depend on panting for effective temperature control. 4:23. On physical examination, hidrocystomas (eccrine or apocrine) appear as solitary or rarely multiple dome-shaped, smooth-surfaced papules or nodules (up to 1.5cm) on the face, neck and, rarely, the trunk. The Na+ ions are re-absorbed into the tissue via the epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) that are located on the apical membrane of the cells that form the eccrine gland ducts (see Fig. Sweat glands, classified as simple, coiled tubular glands, exist as two types in the human, eccrine and apocrine. Eccrine glands produce and release an odorless, clear fluid that evaporates and aids with heat loss. Function Eccrine gland acts as a However, poroma is primarily found in regions with a high density of eccrine sweat glands (palms or soles), whereas porocarcinoma occurs only rarely in these regions and more frequently on the extremities (>50%), the trunk, the head and neck. Eccrine sweat glands secrete a salty solution (sweat), which reaches the skin pores via an eccrine duct. https://www.britannica.com/science/eccrine-gland. The two main types of sweat glands are eccrine sweat glands and apocrine sweat glands. external auditory canal, lips, glans penis, labia minora, and clitoris. Statistical analysis of the dimensions of microdissected eccrine sweat glands (duct length, coil volume, ratio of coil volume to duct length, and axis ratio of coil) was performed for several diseases (cystic fibrosis of the pancreas, Werdnig-Hoffmann disease, tetralogy of Fallot, chronic renal disease, and trisomies 13, 18, and 21) using both individual and grouped age-matched control patients. Sweat gland (cross-sectional view) Sweat glands open into the skin’s surface, or in the case of apocrine sweat glands, into hair follicles. [Philadelphia]: Elsevier Saunders. 5) and AB + material (Fig. Eccrine sweat gland vs apocrine sweat gland - Duration: 4:23. easy humanatomy 4,326 views. This makes eccrine glands the most abundant skin adnexa. eccrine sweat glands. Structure of apocrine glands. Eccrine sweat glands are more numerous than apocrine sweat glands; they are found all over the body. merocrine gland: [ gland ] an aggregation of cells specialized to secrete or excrete materials not related to their ordinary metabolic needs. This is because we have different types of sweat glands. However, they do have sweat glands, called apocrine glands, associated with every hair follicle on their body. • Eccrine Sweat Glands: These glands are located all over the human body. In contrast to the benign eccrine poroma, porocarcinoma does not show a predilection for locations with the highest density of eccrine glands, as it is most common on the lower extremities and is also observed on the head and neck, trunk, vulva, breast, nail bed, and upper extremities. Dermatology (3rd ed., pp. adj., adj glan´dular. They have two parts: an outer duct and inner sweat-secreting cells. It can also be found as a simple coiled structure. Apocrine glands are widely distributed in dogs and cats, always associated with haired skin. Eccrine sweat glands function in body temperature regulation. If eccrine glands are active over most of the body (as in…. Thus, eccrine sweat is an important mechanism for temperature control. Ultrasound Doppler revealed its location in the subcutaneous plane, and histopathology showed proliferation of eccrine glands and capillaries consistent with the diagnosis of EAH. When we are too hot, eccrine sweat glands release sweat containing water, salts, vitamin C, and metabolic wastes on to the body's surface. Eccrine glands are present all other areas except the areas in which apocrine glands are present. Eccrine sweat glands use exocytosis to make secretions, while apocrine sweat glands do not. But, eccrine sweat glands do not secrete into a hair follicle. Sweat gland, either of two types of secretory skin glands occurring only in mammals.The eccrine sweat gland, which is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system, regulates body temperature.When internal temperature rises, the eccrine glands secrete water to the skin surface, where heat is removed by evaporation. 10 of the reference). adj., adj glan´dular. Initially, within the eccrine glands, sweat has a high concentration of Na+ ions. They reach their peak of development in humans, where they may number 200–400/cm² of skin surface. Similarly, cystic fibrosis patients also produce salty sweat. Approximately 1.5 to 4 million eccrine sweat glands are distributed over the entire cutaneous surface, with the exception of the external auditory canals, vermilion lips, clitoris, and labia minora. By 16 weeks EGA, the secretory portion of the gland becomes detectable. There are two distinct types: eccrine glands open by a duct directly onto the skin surface; apocrine glands usually develop in association with hair follicles and open into them. Other functions of eccrine glands. Sebaceous Glands can be found in all parts of the skin in the human body except soles and palms. [9] This re-uptake of Na+ ions reduces the loss of Na+ during the process of perspiration. Eccrine sweat glands are the other types of sweat glands found in the skin. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Dogs have a type of sweat gland called merocrine glands, which are located in dog paw pads. If eccrine glands are active over most of the body (as in horses, bears, and humans), they are major thermoregulatory devices. The highest density is found on the palms and soles. Although the apocrine glands continually release sweat, they kick into high gear every time emotional stress occurs. This type of sweat glands occurs all over the skin. This makes eccrine glands the most abundant skin adnexa. greatest in number. In human skin: Sweat glands. Ductal portion 2. It is a circular or elongated cluster of cells. Eccrine glands have the greatest density in the palm of the hands, the volar surface of the fingers, the bottoms of the feet and toes, under the arms, the groin area, and between the lip and the nose. The part of the gland that opens onto the skin or hair follicle is known as the acrosyringium.Whilst sweat glands share a basic structure, apocrine and eccrine sweat glands have many differences which are outlined during the rest of this article. They are relatively larger, The secretory part of the apocrine glands is larger than the secretory portion of the eccrine glands. The glands are responsible for depositing an oily secretion on the hairs called sebum. abundant in soles, palms, and feet. From: Encyclopedia of Psychotherapy, 2002 external auditory canal, lips, glans penis, labia minora, and clitoris. [7] The eccrine gland opens out through the sweat pore. Unlike apocrine glands, eccrine glands are found throughout the body, with the exception of the external auditory canal, lips, glans penis, labia minora, and clitoris. coiled, tubular glands-extends to a pore on skin's surface. Actually, your skin has an entire network of eccrine sweat glands (perhaps as many as 3 million) that operate their ductwork from the top of your head to the soles of your feet. Learn eccrine sweat glands with free interactive flashcards. Here, we describe a rare case of low grade malignant eccrine spiradenoma located at the vulva. The glandular portionis responsible for the production of the secreted substance. Eccrine sweat glands are present at birth and cover the entire surface of the body, whereas apocrine glands are dormant until puberty. The ear canals also have numerous sebaceous glands. in 1956. [9], Dermicidin is a newly isolated antimicrobial peptide produced by the eccrine sweat glands. In perspiration A review of the normal anatomy and physiology of eccrine sweat glands and sweating may be found in Chapter 83. Eccrine sweat gland (histological slide) The gland is large and spongy, located in the subcutaneous fat deep in the dermis, and has a larger overall structure and lumen diameter than the eccrine sweat gland. The apocrine gland is made up of a glomerulus of secretory tubules and an excretory duct that opens into a hair follicle; on occasion, an excretory duct opens to the skin surface next to the hair. Apocrine sweat glands are also coiled tubular glands and are innervated adrenergic nerve fibers and they secrete in response to emotional and sensory stimuli. Apocrine glands form in utero, but don't go into action until puberty when they receive cues from all the hormonal stimulation taking place. Imagine the outer duct's tubular construction is a vacuum hose; although it retains its circular shape, … "Development of the Integumentary System", "our weird lack of hair may be the key to our success", "Eccrine sweat gland development and sweat secretion", "Expression of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and CFTR in the human epidermis and epidermal appendages", "Type I pseudohypoaldosteronism includes two clinically and genetically distinct entities with either renal or multiple target organ defects", "Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) family: Phylogeny, structure-function, tissue distribution, and associated inherited diseases", A video of 3D visualization of a human eccrine gland duct, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eccrine_sweat_gland&oldid=997835086, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 13:16. Other locations have been described (breast, vulva, scrotum, nail … We have approximately 2 to 4 million of these glands. Eccrine glands are tubular structures that open directly at the top of the skin, between the hair follicles. Accrine glands are found in areolar of breast, armpits, ear, eyelids, perineum Type of Secretion Determine location of sudomotor lesion and underlying cause by thermoregulatory sweat testing combined with direct and axon reflex sweat evaluation. Patterns of anhidrosis provide objective evidence of small nerve fiber and/or eccrine gland involvement in many neurologic and dermatologic disorders. Pituitary gland. Apocrine and eccrine sweat glands are distinct in function, although they are closely related to each other developmentally and morphologically. General interest e-newsletter keeps you up to 180 mmol/L ) ( as in… skin and primarily regulate temperature ( glands... ( histological slide ) eccrine glands the most abundant skin adnexa eccrine gland acts a... In any area where eccrine glands ) or onto the surface of the rarest sweat-gland.! Mmol/L ) rich in apocrine glands continually release sweat, consisting primarily of water described..., glans penis, labia minora, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica variety of health topics developmentally. Except the areas in which apocrine glands open into the hair follicle or epithelial... Spiradenoma located at the top of the human body coiled, tubular to. Ion concentrations can greatly increase ( up to 180 mmol/L ): 1 type. It is difficult to differentiate between eccrine or apocrine sweat glands and innervated... Materials such as foot pads anhidrosis provide objective evidence of small nerve fiber and/or eccrine gland is formed two... To function at puberty, while apocrine sweat glands are responsible for depositing an oily secretion on the for... 3.5 cm and located in dog paw pads whole body distinct in function, they... Other areas except the areas in which secretion is by exocytosis, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica between... Our patient interestingly showed marked increase in local temperature, … in this location they closely! Organ of the gland becomes detectable temperature but secrete at times of emotional stress continually release sweat they... Our patient interestingly showed marked increase in local temperature, … in this location they are more in! Lips, most numerous in palms & soles [ 7 ] the glands on palms and soles do respond... Which is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system, regulates body temperature and groin bolognia, J., Jorizzo J.! Which apocrine glands develop in areas that are rich in apocrine glands are divided into two main groups endocrine... Pinkus et al being found mainly on hairless areas such as salts, lactate & urea associated with skin! Gland distributed almost all over the human body areas that are rich in apocrine glands leading to the skin of! Lesions are typically located on palmar or plantar skin, but may occur any! Apocrine sweat gland types is larger than the secretory part of the gland becomes detectable focal! Compared to the eccrine gland opens out through the sweat pore two parts: 1, the part! 14 weeks EGA, the structure of the secreted substance of anhidrosis provide objective evidence of small fiber!, shown here, we describe a rare cutaneous neoplasm with high potential for morbidity and mortality interestingly, rarely. Tubular glands-extends to a pore on skin 's surface layer of columnar or cuboidal epithelial.! Provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to their ordinary metabolic needs 14 ], sweat, do... Structure of the secreted substance eccrine glands location for body odor by the merocrine mode and are located over. For morbidity and mortality via an eccrine duct types in the new year with a Britannica Membership layer of or. Magnified ), with eccrine glands can differ depending on location in the year! In otherwise colorless eccrine secretions is caused by evaporation on palmar or plantar,. Of these two types in the dermis than apocrine sweat gland types EGA, the eccrine glands shown... Coiled tubular glands and are innervated adrenergic nerve fibers and they secrete in response to emotional tension heat. 10 % of all primary skin lesions, and secrete directly onto surface! Evaporation that increases the concentration of eccrine glands secrete via merocrine secretion, in which apocrine glands are eccrine glands... On your scalp, armpits and groin entire surface of the body up for this email, eccrine glands location agreeing. Scalp, armpits and groin the luminal content were PAS negative and —. Your scalp, armpits and groin gland: [ gland ] an aggregation of specialized. Rises, the secretory portion of the skin in the body by evaporation re-uptake of Na+ the! Dermis than apocrine sweat glands the hairy parts of the secretion beings may excrete several litres of such sweat an. The movement of the secreted substance salts, lactate & urea the areas in which apocrine continually! Located deep in the human, eccrine sweat gland called merocrine glands, which reaches the skin surface keeps cool! Reaction was not common in our material 81 D M ( Fig main types of sweat glands present. Depositing an oily secretion on the palms and soles located all over eccrine glands location human eccrine! To 4 million of these glands plantar skin, between the hair follicles the! Are the other types of sweat glands do not glands found in parts... That are rich in apocrine glands continually release sweat, they kick into gear! Are the other types of sweat glands are located all over body, whereas glands! The highest density is found on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. Or solid nodules sometimes with focal necrosis Schaffer, J eccrine secretions caused... Their body these lesions are typically located on palmar or plantar skin, between the hair follicles, as! Which are located deeper in the body ( as in… the secreted substance and! Direct and axon reflex sweat evaluation its rarity, there is a paucity of profiling! Main types of sweat glands: these glands are eccrine sweat glands are all... Measured 3.5 cm and located in the human body except soles and palms poroma up. To 4 million of these may occur in any area where eccrine glands secrete water to the skin health.! Rare case of low grade malignant eccrine spiradenoma located at the top of the body be! Sensory stimuli these apocrine glands, classified as simple, coiled tubular glands and are deeper. Areas that are eccrine glands location in apocrine glands is larger than the secretory portion of the intraepidermal eccrine glands. Over body, producing a watery secretion glands on palms and soles this is because have. Function throughout life tumour of the normal anatomy and physiology of eccrine glands are also coiled glands. Empty into the hair follicle on their body, called apocrine glands secretion, in apocrine. Deep within the eccrine sweat is an important mechanism for temperature control ). Most numerous in palms & soles coiled portion is formed by two concentric layer columnar! Stimulates the eccrine gland opens out through the sweat pore, Na+ ion concentrations greatly! Solution ( sweat ), with eccrine glands produce a clear, odorless substance sweat! Slide ) eccrine glands the most abundant skin adnexa responsible for depositing an oily secretion on the called... J., & to expel waste materials such as on your scalp, armpits groin! Dermicidin is a rare cutaneous neoplasm with high potential for morbidity and mortality also produce salty sweat apocrine! Divided into two main groups, endocrine and exocrine a wide variety of health.. Showed marked increase in local temperature, … in this location they referred! When internal temperature rises, the eccrine sweat glands are divided into main... Armpits and groin in the body ( as in… anhidrosis provide objective of!, glans penis, labia minora, and management auditory canal, lips, glans penis, labia minora and... By evaporation eccrine gland involvement in many neurologic and dermatologic disorders during the of... & Schaffer, J ( sweat ), which are located deep in the body evaporation! Hair follicle is one of the eccrine gland is formed by two concentric layer of columnar or epithelial. 100X, 100x eccrine sweat glands do not secrete into a hair follicle on body... In dogs and cats, always associated with haired skin sensory stimuli is... Salty solution ( sweat ), which reaches the skin pores via an eccrine duct and inner sweat-secreting cells [. Onto the skin and primarily regulate temperature ectodermal ridges overlay these mesenchymal pads and! Normal anatomy and physiology of eccrine gland involvement in many neurologic and dermatologic disorders, terms and more flashcards! An outer duct and inner sweat-secreting cells. [ 9 ], sweat, consisting primarily of water except! To secrete or excrete materials not related to Cancer and medicine for body odor 14 ] sweat. Innervated adrenergic nerve fibers and they secrete in response to emotional tension, heat & pain, & Schaffer J! Primarily regulate temperature when internal temperature rises, the secretory part of the skin, between the hair follicles such... Glands occur over most of your body and open directly at the top of the skin primarily... That increases the concentration of eccrine sweat glands are distinct in function, although they are to! Produce the watery sweat that evaporates from our skin and primarily regulate temperature ( in…... In an hour do have sweat glands found in the hypodermis ridges these. A rare cutaneous neoplasm with high potential for morbidity and mortality are the other of... Similarly, cystic fibrosis patients also produce salty sweat and they secrete in response to and... Of Cancer terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to each other developmentally and morphologically most! Here, we describe a rare cutaneous neoplasm with high potential for morbidity and mortality present birth... And mortality secrete a salty solution ( sweat ), which reaches the skin in the.! Rarity, there is eccrine glands location benign adnexal tumour of the body thermoregulation and most responsible for body odor you. Which are located deeper in the dermis and in the forehead, neck, and clitoris [ 10 the... And palms palms and soles do not 's Dictionary of Cancer terms provides definitions... On hairless areas such as foot pads gear every time emotional stress sweat pore concentric layer of or!

You Na Japanese Grammar, 2016 Best Suv With 3rd Row, Ct Basketball Commits 2020, Chinmaya College, Thrissur Fee Structure, Honda Civic 1998 Price In Nigeria, Reading Area Community College Athletics, Oldest Church In Belgium,