Tolerated by both the North and South, forced labor lasted well into the 20th century. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans' most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? The award committee called it "a precise and eloquent work that examines a deliberate system of racial suppression and rescues a multitude of atrocities from virtual obscurity. Blackmon structures his narrative around a young African-American man named Green Cottenham; though the records of Cottenham's life are incomplete, Blackmon says that "the absence of his voice rests at the center of this book. "[26], Daniel Fienberg of Hitfix, viewing the film at Sundance, wrote, Slavery By Another Name is sturdy and well-researched stuff and it will play well when it airs on PBS next month and it should play well in the future in classrooms, but as a film festival entry, it isn't nearly confident enough in its artistry. In the book's epilogue, Blackmon argues for the importance of acknowledging this history of forced labor: [T]he evidence moldering in county courthouses and the National Archives compels us to confront this extinguished past, to recognize the terrible contours of the record, to teach our children the truth of a terror that pervaded much of American life, to celebrate its end, to lift any shame on those who could not evade it. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME is based on the book by Douglas Blackmon. In 2009, it was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction. [25] The film is streaming free online, in English and with Haitian-Creole, Portuguese, and Spanish subtitles. Slavery By Another Name challenges one of Americas most cherished assumptions the belief that slavery in the US ended with Abraham Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation by telling the harrowing story of how in the South, a new system of involuntary servitude … He especially deserves praise for teasing out the largest implications of his research. It was a system in which men, often guilty of no crime at all, were arrested, compelled to work without pay, repeatedly bought and sold, and coerced to do the bidding of masters. Slavery by Another Name challenges one of Americans’ most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Thirteenth Amendment.The project documents what […] [22] Blackmon said of the officials' actions that "The idea that a book like mine is somehow incendiary or a call to violence is so absurd".[23]. ...as I began to research, even I, as someone who had been paying attention to some of these sorts of things for a long time and was open to alternative explanations, even I was fairly astonished when I put it together, basically by going county by county and finding the criminal arrest records and the jail records in county after county after county from this period of time and seeing that if there had been crime waves, there had to have been records of crimes and people being arrested for crimes. The convict lease system finally ended with the advent of World War II. And in reality, it's just not there. PBS bases its Slavery by Another Name documentary on the Pulitzer Prize-winning book by the same name. [4] Blackmon began to research the subject more widely, visiting various southern county courthouses to obtain records on arrest, conviction, and sentences. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II is a book by American writer Douglas A. Blackmon, published by Anchor Books in 2008. The resulting book was well received by critics and became a New York Times Best Seller. The documentary adds a visual dimension to the harrowing imagery Douglas A. Blackmon writes … Slavery by Another Name Synopsis. Points on the map include photos, videos and more information about key dates in United States history. [11] Joseph E. Brown, former governor of Georgia, amassed great wealth based on his use of convict labor in his Dade Coal Company mines and other enterprises, from 1874 to 1894. It was funded in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. See Full Cast + Crew for Slavery by Another Name Features Load More Features Movie Reviews Presented by Rotten Tomatoes. The film tells how even as chattel slavery came to an end in 1865, thousands of African Americans were pulled back into forced labor with shocking force and brutality. Northern attention was focused on immigration and World War I. The PBS documentary Slavery by Another Name examines the perpetuation of slavery under the guise of the peonage system. Watch the film with Haitian-Creole (Kreyòl Ayisyen), Portuguese (Português) and Spanish (Español) subtitles. According to the broadest outlines of history, the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution formally abolished slavery in 1865, but the truth is far more complex. Learn more about slavery after the Civil War by scrolling through the timeline and map. Slavery by Another Name began as an article which Blackmon wrote for The Wall Street Journal detailing the use of black forced labor by U.S. Steel Corporation. Receive a $10 Reward. In 2012, it was adapted into a documentary film of the same name for PBS. Slavery by Another Name gives voice to the largely forgotten victims and perpetrators of forced labor and features their descendants living today. In the introduction to Slavery by Another Name, Blackmon describes his experience as a reporter for the Wall Street Journal "asking a provocative question: What would be revealed if American corporations were examined through the same sharp lens of historical confrontation as the one then being trained on German corporations that relied on Jewish slave labor during World War II and the Swiss banks that robbed victims of the Holocaust of their fortunes? A documentary that recounts the many ways in which American slavery persisted as a practice many decades after its supposed abolition. Paying more attention to the considerable presence of involuntary servitude in African-American literature and intellectual history, reaching back to Charles Chesnutt and Paul Laurence Dunbar, would have helped". The experience began a lifelong interest in the history of American race relations.[3]. [13], The book was a New York Times Best Seller[14] and was praised by critics. There's no harm in a dry history lesson, but Pollard may have hoped to achieve more than that. In 2003, Blackmon wrote a story on the use of black convict labor in the coal mines of U.S. Steel. This was a huge success for both northern abolitionists as well as free blacks who fought during the Civil War—their hard work and effort finally paid off. Instead, I hope it is a formidable plea for a resurrection and fundamental reinterpretation of a tortured chapter in the collective American past. Blackmon argues that slavery in the United States did not end with the Civil War, but instead persisted well into the 20th century. While the methods of forced labor took on many forms over those eight In fact, it's the opposite. Buy Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II Illustrated by Blackmon, Douglas A (ISBN: 0000385722702) from Amazon's Book Store. Offers. [27], Kunbi Tinuoye, writing for the Griot, described the film as a "powerful documentary" that "challenges the widely held belief that the enslavement of African-Americans ended with President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. I cannot recommend it to you highly enough. "[21], In 2011, Mark Melvin, an inmate at the Kilby Correctional Facility, was banned from reading the book by Alabama Department of Corrections officials. She praised the book's evidence as "relentless and fascinating," although she thought that the conceit of reconstructing Cottenham's life gives the book "a shaky start". [30], disfranchisement after Reconstruction era, Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, Created Equal: America's Civil Rights Struggle, "The Pulitzer Prizes: Ex-AJC reporter wins book award", "Douglas Blackmon on Slavery by Another Name", "Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II", "Lingering racism; Books examine post-Civil War racism and the life of Marcus Garvey", "Civil War didn't end slavery. [22] Melvin filed a lawsuit stating that his First Amendment rights had been violated. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans' most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. Watch the 90-minute film about slavery after the Civil War. [2] It explores the forced labor of prisoners, overwhelmingly African American men, through the convict lease system used by states, local governments, white farmers, and corporations after the American Civil War until World War II in the southern United States. This book is not a call for financial reparations. Slavery by Another Name premiered in competition at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2012. Doubleday. "[8] Cottenham, who was born in the 1880s to two former slaves, was arrested in 1908 for vagrancy, a common pretext to detain blacks who did not have a white patron. Directed by Sam Pollard. PARK CITY — Digging into a chapter in the African-American saga that history books have traditionally glossed over, Sam Pollard 's Slavery By Another Name … Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote that it "eviscerates a basic assumption: that slavery in America ended with the Civil War." Slavery by Another Name was adapted as a 90-minute documentary film, which premiered on PBS in February 2012. He grew up in Washington County, Mississippi, where as a seventh grader he was encouraged by his teacher and his mother to research a local racist incident, despite the opposition of some citizens. Based on the Pulitzer-Prize-winning book by Douglas Blackmon, Slavery By Another Name tells the stories of men, charged with crimes like vagrancy, and often guilty of nothing, who were bought and sold, abused, and subject to sometimes deadly working conditions as unpaid convict labor. Blackmon and the film’s writer … The story generated a large response, and was later anthologized in Best Business Stories. Slavery by Another Name follows the life of Green Cottenham who was arrested on March 30, 1908 by the sheriff of Selby County, Alabama, and charged with “vagrancy” and in walking in his footsteps author Blackmon shared what he’d learned about the politics of the day and how those politics and slavery were synonymous then as they are today. Editorial Reviews. "There's no evidence that that ever happened. They described it as "an attempt to incite violence based on race, religion, sex, creed or nationality". See the full film at http://video.pbs.org/video/2176766758SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME The state of Alabama rented Cottenham as a laborer to a coal mine owned by U.S. Steel Corporation, where he died. “Slavery by Another Name”debuted in 2012 and runs for 90 minutes. [12], In the early 20th century, federal prosecutors such as Eugene Reese attempted to prosecute responsible parties under federal laws against debt bondage. Based on Douglas A. Blackmon's Pulitzer Prize-winning book, the film illuminates how in the years following the Civil War, insidious new forms of forced labor emerged in the American South, persisting until the onset of World War II. The film, Slavery By Another Name, explores a system of forced labor that brutalized many black Southerners up to World War II. Directed by Sam Pollard, produced by Catherine Allan and Douglas Blackmon and written by Sheila Curran-Bernard, “Slavery by Another Name” shines a light on the injustices occurring after African Americans were freed, specifically in the South. Douglas Blackmon is a Wall Street Journal reporter. This curriculum includes a media-making focus to facilitate creating audio recordings of personal narratives and engaging in meaningful civil discourse around social justice issues. In this epic research and media project, Blackmon and his collaborators bring to light a period of time when slavery had officially ended, yet a new form of was being reinstated. The film tells how even as chattel slavery came to an end in 1865, thousands of African Americans were pulled back into forced labor with shocking force and brutality. The crime waves that occurred by and large were the aftermath of the war and whites coming back from fighting in the Civil War and settling scores with people and all sorts of renegade activity that didn't involve black people at all, but they were blamed for it, and that was then used as a kind of ruse for why these incredibly brutal new legal measures then began to be put in place. Neil Genzliger of The New York Times wrote of the film that "by filling in an overlooked part of black history, this sobering film enhances our understanding of why race issues have proved so intractable. The 90 minute film, Slavery By Another Name, based on a book by journalist Douglas A. Blackmon, chronicles how hundreds of thousands of blacks in … The film is … Watch video clips about slavery in America involving various topics that range from Chain Gangs to Sharecropping. Slavery by Another Name, a multimedia project based on Douglas A. Blackmon’s Pulitzer Prize-winning book, premiered nationally on PBS in 2012 as a 90-minute documentary, website, and educational initiative. [5], The resulting book, Slavery by Another Name, was published by Anchor Books in 2008.[6]. For most Americans this is entirely new history. National and presidential attention was focused on racial issues because of the need for national unity and mobilization of the military.[11]. "[20], Slavery by Another Name was awarded the 2009 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction. With Laurence Fishburne, Turron Kofi Alleyne, Douglas A. Blackmon, Melvin J Cox. Now, two years later, … The film is strea… Slavery by Another Name History Background By Nancy O’Brien Wagner, Bluestem Heritage Group Introduction For more than seventy-five years after the Emancipation Proclamation and the end of the Civil War, thousands of blacks were systematically forced to work against their will. [17], In the Sunday Gazette-Mail, Chris Vognar called the book "chilling, doggedly reported and researched". In "Slavery by Another Name" Douglas A. Blackmon eviscerates one of our schoolchildren's most basic assumptions: that slavery in America … And any Viewer of this film should do that, read Blackmons "Slavery by another name. The film was executive produced by Catherine Allan of Twin Cities Public Television, co-executive produced by Blackmon, directed by Sam Pollard, written by Sheila Curran Bernard, and narrated by Laurence Fishburne. MPR's Cathy Wurzer discussed the documentary, "Slavery By Another Name," with author Douglas Blackmon and executive producer Catherine Allan. Slavery by Another Name premiered in competition at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2012. [24] The film was executive produced by Catherine Allan of Twin Cities Public Television, co-executive produced by Blackmon, directed by Sam Pollard, written by Sheila Curran Bernard, and narrated by Laurence Fishburne. Slavery by Another Name is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans’ most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. Slavery by Another Name Docu Production: A TPT production, in association with Two Dollars and a Dream, with support of the National Endowment for the Humanities, W.K. EMBED. "[16], W. Fitzhugh Brundage wrote in The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education that, Blackmon deserves high praise for this deeply moving and troubling history. PBS-20130213-Slavery by Another Name [2012 Sundance Film Festival] Movies Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. But such efforts received little support nationally and none in the South, which had disenfranchised most blacks to exclude them from the political system. Though slaves were formally emancipated by the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution following the Civil War, after Reconstruction, white-dominated Southern state legislatures passed Black Codes, "an array of interlocking laws essentially intended to criminalize black life",[10] to restrict the economic independence of blacks and provide pretexts for jail terms. Seeing the popular response to the article, he began conducting research for a more comprehensive exploration of the topic. Host Michel Martin speaks with the film… Slavery by Another Name was adapted as a 90-minute documentary film, which premiered on PBS in February 2012. Blacks were often unable to pay even small fees and were sentenced to labor as a result; convicts were leased to plantations, lumber camps, and mines to be used for forced labor. X. It was funded in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities. For most Americans this is entirely new history. He aptly, and carefully, draws parallels between the corporate responsibility of companies that exploited slave labor in Nazi Germany and that of southerners who bought convict labor. "[28], The film was one of four projects (together with The Abolitionists, The Loving Story[29] and Freedom Riders) included in "Created Equal: America's Civil Rights Struggle"—a nationwide community engagement initiative of the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Gilder-Lehrman Institute of American History, designed to reach 500 communities between September 2013 and extended from December 2016 to December 2018. "[19], African American Studies scholar James Smethurst was more critical, writing in The Boston Globe that "this catalogue of the nadir is one of the book's weaknesses, since it sometimes departs from its account of peonage without much transition. Film & Theme Equality under the Law: Slavery by Another Name In 1865, the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment constitutionally outlawed slavery, and African American looked forward to what they would make of their new-found freedom. A 20-minute classroom version with curriculum materials is also available. Read Full Synopsis Cast + Crew Previous Cast Members More Cast Members. However, he concludes that "the book vividly and engagingly recalls the horror and sheer magnitude of such neo-slavery and reminds us how long after emancipation such practices persisted. Another slave, Albert, had wed, and left for good in the middle of the first picking time after the destruction of the war—amid the chaos and uncertainty when no one could be sure slavery had truly ended.7 Albert didn’t wait to find out. The film tells how even as chattel slavery came to an end in the South in 1865, thousands of African Americans were pulled back into forced labor with shocking force and brutality. [15] Leonard Pitts, a columnist for the Miami Herald, wrote that "Slavery by Another Name is an astonishing book. Samuel D. Pollard, the director of this historical documentary, may also be known for his work on “Eyes on the Prize” and “4 Little Girls.” Pollard has joined forces yet again with Sheila Curran Bernard, a writer that worked on “Eyes on the Prize,” to adapt the book written by Douglas A. Blackmon. The peonage system represents one of the great failures of Reconstruction. The film tells how even as chattel slavery came to an end in 1865, thousands of African Americans were pulled back into forced labor with shocking force and brutality. Slavery By Another Name (2012), a new documentary based on Douglas Blackmon’s Pulitzer Prize-winning nonfiction book about insidious forms of forced labor that emerged in the American South following the Civil War, will be screened on Friday, February 3, 2012 at 7:00 p.m. in the Recital Hall, Performing Arts Center, on the University at Albany’s uptown campus. Slavery by Another Name is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans’ most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. (Spotlight)", "After slavery, new system recreates old torments", "2009 Pulitzer Prizes for Letters, Drama and Music", "Alabama Inmate Sues to Read Southern History Book", "Channel Surfing: 'Slavery by Another Name, "Sundance Review: 'Slavery By Another Name, "Documentary explores 'slavery by another name, "Welcome to Created Equal | Created Equal", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Slavery_by_Another_Name&oldid=994165968, Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction-winning works, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 11:54. when you spend $25 on participating products. The Pulitzer-Prize winning book by Douglas Blackmon Slavery By Another Name (Doubleday, 2008), has also become a documentary film (and Sundance Film Festival selection). Interviews with the descendants of victims and perpetrators resonate with a modern audience. [18] A review in the Rocky Mountain News stated of the book, "Displaying meticulous research, and personalizing the larger story through individual experiences, Blackmon's book opens the eyes and wrenches the gut. Freedom And Freedom In The Film 'Slavery By Another Name' 842 Words | 4 Pages abolished slavery across the United States, slaves saw their freedom and independence from white owners. As context, Blackmon describes the beginnings of "industrial slavery",[9] in which convict laborers were put to work in factories or mines rather than cotton fields. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans' most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. It will challenge and change your understanding of what we were as Americans - and of what we are. It depicts the subjugation of Convict Leasing, Sharecropping and Peonage and tells the fate of the former but not of the latter two. 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